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FAMILY LAW 75: Change in agreed upon parenting schedule results in change in physical custody.

J and T divorced in April 2017. The judgment of divorce provided that the parties would share joint legal and joint physical custody over their children. Primarily, the children would reside with J, who was living in Missouri at the time. The judgment specifically provided that they would go to school in the area where J resided. During the majority of the summer, the children would reside with T, who was planning to live in Michigan.

Change in Agreed Upon Parenting Schedule

In August 2017, J contacted T and asked that she flip the agreed upon schedule so that he would have them in the summer and she would have them in the school year. T agreed and drafted a written agreement to that effect. In late August 2018, T filed a petition to modify child custody. She sought to have the child custody order modified to reflect that the children would remain in her custody during the school year and spend four weeks and alternating holidays with J.

However, before a hearing on the petition could be held in the trial court, J took the children out of school in Michigan during a school day without T’s knowledge. He and the children flew to California. The children remained in his custody and were enrolled in a school in California until the trial court ordered J to return the children to T’s custody in December 2018.

Evidentiary Hearing

At the evidentiary hearing regarding the petition for modification of the child custody order, the trial court found that the majority of the best-interest factors favored T. The evidence established that the children have permanence and stability in Michigan with a loving family that provides for them. The children are also able to maintain their relationship with J through parenting time. Accordingly, the trial court entered an order awarding T sole physical custody of the children. The trial court granted T sole physical custody, both parents’ joint legal custody, and ordered that J will have parenting time every summer, one weekend a month, and on extended holiday weekends.

Established Custodial Environment

The trial court found that the parties mutually agreed to place the children in school in Michigan upon J’s move to California. That decision changed the children’s lives. The trial found that evidence established that, at the time of the new custody hearings, Michigan had been the children’s primary residence since 2017, they were starting their fourth year of school in Michigan, they were comfortable and well-adjusted to their home in Michigan, and they had an established routine, activities, and friends in Michigan. None of these changes were contemplated by the initial custody order.

Help with Child Custody

At Aldrich Legal Services, our attorneys and staff understand the stress that can come with family law disputes. We understand how important your relationship with your children is, which is why we will work hard to protect your rights and help you achieve a positive outcome.

Contact Aldrich Legal Services

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PROBATE 51: Trust filed a petition to determine title to credit union account.

The probate court explained that the owners of the account are S and J. When S passes, J becomes the owner of the account. J is the one who had the authority to make the designation. Nowhere in any documents is there a designation by J that SJ be the owner -- or the beneficiary of the account. The designation made by his father was no longer binding because he was no longer the owner at the time J passed away.

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For joint custody to work, parents must be able to agree with each other on basic issues in child rearing including health care, religion, education, day to day decision making and discipline and they must be willing to cooperate with each other in joint decision making. If two equally capable parents are unable to cooperate and to agree generally concerning important decisions affecting the welfare of their children, the court has no alternative but to determine which parent shall have sole custody of the children.

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The sentencing guidelines are advisory, and although a trial court must determine the applicable guidelines range and take it into account when imposing a sentence, the court is not required to sentence a defendant within that range.

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