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The court held that the trial court did not err by allowing evidence of regulatory violations, and that it properly denied the defendant-driver's motion for a directed verdict on plaintiff's claim for economic damages.

Plaintiff was a passenger in defendant's truck when defendant lost control of it and crashed into a median, causing plaintiff to suffer serious injuries. He sued defendant for failure to maintain equipment and negligent driving. He later amended his complaint to add allegations of regulatory failures, including operating without required inspections of the truck or a "proper health card." The trial court denied defendant's pretrial motion to exclude evidence or argument relating to inspections of the vehicle, defendant's health card, and alleged violations of applicable safety regulations, and the court denied leave to appeal. At the close of proofs, defendant requested a directed verdict as to the allegations of regulatory violations, as well as plaintiff's claim for economic damages. The trial court denied both motions. The jury found defendant liable and awarded damages. On appeal, the court rejected defendant's argument that the trial court should have excluded the allegations of regulatory violations on the basis that they did not bear on the issue of proximate causation. "Having and maintaining a valid medical card is a required component of being properly licensed to operate a commercial vehicle. Being properly licensed is relevant to one's driving competency, and" thus, "defendant's failure to have a valid medical card at the time of the accident could be relevant to the matter at issue." It also noted that "proper documentation of inspections" is "an essential part of conducting those inspections, not merely evidence pertinent to the credibility of a party claiming that the inspections took place. Improper inspections are clearly relevant to whether a driver should have noticed a problem with the tires before driving on them." Finally, the court rejected defendant's challenge to the jury's damages award, finding plaintiff "offered the jury a reasonable basis for concluding that the accident and injuries interrupted plaintiff's progress in recovering his ability to provide for himself." It noted that "the jury seems to have agreed with defendant that plaintiff may have overestimated his earning capacity, having awarded less in economic damages than plaintiff's estimate would suggest." Affirmed. 

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